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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A
ASP
Active Server Pages. Part of Microsoft's Internet Information Server that allows the creation of dynamically generated web pages.
C
CGI
Common Gateway Interface. The mechanism for communication between the web server and other programs (CGI scripts) running on the server.

CSS
Cascading Style Sheets. An addition to HTML that is used to control the presentation of a document.
D
DHTML
Dynamic HTML
F
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A protocol used for moving files over the Internet from one computer to another.
G
GIF
Graphic Interchange Format. A common file format for web graphic images. It is most commonly used for images with areas of flat colour and sharp contrast.
H
HTML
HyperText Markup Language. The format used for web documents.

HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol. The protocol that defines how web pages and media are requested and transferred between servers and browsers.
I
i18n
The W3C abbreviation for 'Internationalization' ('i', 18 letters, then 'n') which relates to efforts towards making the Web accessible in all languages.
J
JPG / JPEG
A way of compressing image files developed by the Joint Photographics Expert Group. It is most efficient at compressing images containing graduations of tone and no sharp edge contrasts. Typically used for storing photographic images.
M

MIME
Multimedia Internet Mail Extensions. A protocol that defines a number of content types and subtypes which allow programs such as web browsers, news-readers and email clients to recognize different types of files and deal with the appropriately. The type defines what type of media a file is and the subtype identifies the precise file format.

MP3
An audio file format (MPEG 1, Level-III) that is capable of high levels of compression with little discernible loss of quality. It has become the standard for sharing audio files over the Internet.

MPEG
A family of multimedia standards created by the Motion Picture Experts Group, commonly used to refer to audio and video files saved using one of the MPEG compression schemes.

P
PDF
Portable Document Format. A file format developed by Adobe Systems that allows capture of formatted page layouts for distribution, which can later be displayed exactly as intended.

PHP
Hypertext Preprocessor. An open source tool used on web servers for creating dynamically generated web pages.
R
RGB
A colour system that describes colours based on combinations of Red, Green and Blue light.
S
SSI
Server Side Includes. Special placeholders in a HTML document that are replaced by the server with actual data just before sending the final document to the web browser.
W
W3C
The World Wide Web Consortium. A consortium of many companies and organizations that "exists to develop common standards for the evolution of the World Wide Web".
X
XML
Extensible Markup Language. A new standard for marking up documents and data.
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